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Governance- Structures is a comparison of four common forms of government. The four are: Oligarchy, Republic, Democracy and Anarchy.  The Nexus of these comparisons is Governance's impingement upon, or harmony with, Individual Freedoms

There are, of course, many indices that can be used for comparison; however, the following five were chosen:Individual Rights; Individual Responsibility; Group Rights; Corruption; and Order.

To aid in understanding the above plot
All abscissas (x) are contiguous gradations between the four headings, e.g., democracy nearest anarchy is Pure Democracy --allowing the greatest individual freedom and requiring the greatest responsibility; democracy abutting republic is a moderate democracy, allowing less freedom and requiring less responsibility.

All ordinates (y) increase in magnitude, in the upward direction (top is max).

--See:-Ideological Spectrum---------Right-v-Left
    Governance Structures, Definitions:
Main Entry: OLIGARCHY 
Pronunciation: 'ä-l&-"gär-kE, 'O-
Function: noun
Inflected Form(s): plural -chies
Date: 1542
1 : government by the few

2 : a government in which a small group exercises control especially for corrupt and selfish purposes; also : a group exercising such control

3 : an organization under oligarchic control 

Main Entry: REPUBLIC 
Pronunciation: ri-'p&-blik
Function: noun
Etymology: French république, from Middle French republique, from
Latin respublica, from res thing, wealth + publica, feminine of
publicus public -- more at REAL, PUBLIC
Date: 1604
1 a (1) : a government having a chief of state who is not a monarch
and who in modern times is usually a president 
(2) : a political unit (as a nation) having such a form of government
b (1) : a government in which supreme power resides in a body of citizens entitled to vote and is exercised by elected officers and representatives responsible to them and governing according to law 
(2) : a political unit (as a nation) having such a form of government 
c : a usually specified republican government of a political unit <the French Fourth Republic>

2 : a body of persons freely engaged in a specified activity <the republic of letters>

3 : a constituent political and territorial unit of the former nations of Czechoslovakia, the U.S.S.R., or Yugoslavia 

Main Entry: DEMOCRACY 
Pronunciation: di-'mä-kr&-sE
Function: noun
Inflected Form(s): plural -cies
Etymology: Middle French democratie, from Late Latin democratia,
from Greek dEmokratia, from dEmos + -kratia -cracy
Date: 1576
1 a : government by the people; especially : rule of the majority 
b : a government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation usually involving periodically held free elections

2 : a political unit that has a democratic government

3 capitalized : the principles and policies of the Democratic party in the U.S.

4 : the common people especially when constituting the source of political authority

5 : the absence of hereditary or arbitrary class distinctions or privileges 

Main Entry: ANARCHY 
Pronunciation: 'a-n&r-kE, -"när-
Function: noun
Etymology: Medieval Latin anarchia, from Greek, from anarchos having no ruler, from an- + archos ruler -- more at ARCH-
Date: 1539
1 a : absence of government b : a state of lawlessness or political disorder due to the absence of governmental authority c : a utopian society of individuals who enjoy complete freedom without government

2 a : absence or denial of any authority or established order b : absence of order : DISORDER <not manicured plots but a wild anarchy of nature -- Israel Shenker>


Main Entry: TYRANNY 
Pronunciation: 'tir-&-nE
Function: noun
Inflected Form(s): plural -nies
Etymology: Middle English tyrannie, from Middle French, from
Medieval Latin tyrannia, from Latin tyrannus tyrant
Date: 14th century
1 : oppressive power <every form of tyranny over the mind of man --
Thomas Jefferson>; especially : oppressive power exerted by
government <the tyranny of a police state>
2 a : a government in which absolute power is vested in a single
ruler; especially : one characteristic of an ancient Greek city-state b
: the office, authority, and administration of a tyrant
3 : a rigorous condition imposed by some outside agency or force
<living under the tyranny of the clock -- Dixon Wecter>
4 : a tyrannical act 

--Related Pages:
---------------Political Spectrum
---------------Forms of Governments
---------------Media Control of the Political Process


.©  Copyright 1999 - 2004 Questions, Comments, or Hate Mail  .